The continent of Africa is at an exciting and challenging point in its economic development but continues to face such challenges as poverty, malnutrition, conflict, climate change and a growing youth population.
However, there are significant local and global strategic initiatives that aim to address such issues, including the Sustainable Development Goals, the African Union's Agenda 2063 Framework and the African Development Banks’ Feed Africa strategy.
It is worth recognising that:
In 2015, 226 million youth aged 15-24 lived in Africa, accounting for 19 per cent of the global youth population (UN, 20151)
10 million youth enter Africa’s labour market annually.
Youth is defined as people between the ages of 15 (exclusive) and 35 (inclusive).
By 2020, three out of four Africans will be an average of 20 years old.
Youth unemployment rate in sub-Saharan Africa is about 12%.
Only 16% of youth have a ‘wage job’, while 62% work on family farms and 22% in household enterprises.
At the US$2/day level, the working poverty rate was about 64 % in 2013 (YAP, 20162)
The average age of farmers in Africa is about 55 years (WTO, 20153)